Friday, 8 January 2016

MAHAJANAPADA PERIOD (600 BC - 325 BC)



In antiquated India, various kingdoms developed amid the Vedic Age that were spread over the Indo-Gangetic plain. These kingdoms were additionally called as republics and 16 of them were respected the best of all. These 16 kingdoms were known as the 16 Mahajanapadas. These 16 Maha Janapadas are said in the antiquated literature and sacred writings. The term Maha Janapada really signifies "awesome nation" and is gotten from Sanskrit. The sixteen mahajanapadas ascended before the begin of Buddhism in India. Despite the fact that these spots were tribal settlements at first, generally by 600 B.C they developed into greater political elements by getting land. The sixteen mahajanapadas are given here in subtle element.

Anga : The kingdom of Anga is said in the Atharva Veda and was found generally at the site of the present day Bihar and a few sections of West Bengal. On the north was River Ganga and it was isolated from the Magadha by River Champa. Anga was a standout amongst the most prospering urban areas and was an imperative focal point of exchange and trade. It was viewed as one of the six key urban communities of right on time India.

Assaka : otherwise called Ashmaka was a kingdom that was situated in the south of India. Amid the season of Buddha, this tribe was situated on the banks of waterway Godavari. The capital city of Assaka was known as Potana. It was arranged in focal India and reached out till southern India. It is evaluated that Assaka was arranged generally at the spot where cutting edge Maharashtra is found.

Avanti: Avanti was a critical kingdom situated in Western India and was thought to be one of the four vital governments amid the time Buddhism started in India. Stream Vetravati used to stream directly through Avanti along these lines partitioning it into north and south regions. Avanti was found generally at the spot where the condition of Madhya Pradesh is found at this point. Avanti was an imperative focal point of Buddhism and later turned into a piece of Magadhan Empire.

Chedi: There were two distinct settlements of the Chedis, otherwise called Cheti. One was in the rocky areas of Nepal while the other was situated close River Yamuna. The southern limits of Chedi went till the banks of River Narmada. The Chedis are specified in Rig Veda, which is viewed as the most seasoned sacred writing. This implies Chedis were predominant here since quite a while.


Gandhara: The Gandharas set up themselves since the Vedic Age on the banks of River Kubha till the River Indus. With time, they crossed Indus and extended their domain into Punjab. The Gandharas were extremely forceful in nature and were experts of the craft of fighting. It is said that this kingdom was established by the child of Aruddha known as Gandhara.

Kamboja: Kamboja was said to have been situated on either sides of the Hindukush. In right on time sacred texts and literature, Kamboja is specified alongside Gandhara, Darada and the Bahlika a significant number of times. The Kambojas should have both Indian and Iranian similitudes.

Kasi: The Aryans who had settled around Varanasi were known as Kasis. The city was flanked by the waterways Varuna and Asi from which the spot determines its name. Kasi was the most intense kingdom of the sixteen Janapadas before the ascent of Buddhism. Amid the ascent of Buddha, it was changed over into Kosala. This spot is specified as Kausika/Kausaka in the Matsya Purana.

Kosala: Kosala was situated around 70 miles toward the north west of present day Gorakhpur in Uttar Pradesh. It was flanked in the south by River Ganga, in the north by the Himalayas and in the east by the River Gandak. The ruler was called lord Prasenjit who was succeeded by his child Vidudabha. Amid his child's rule, Kosala was consolidated with Magadha. The three boss urban areas of Kosala were Ayodhya, Saketa and Sravasti.

Kuru: The starting point of the Kuru faction can be followed to the Puru - Bharata gang. Some of them were settled in focal India and some were living past the Himalayan ranges. It is said that the organizer of Kururashtra in Kurukshetra was the child of Samvarsana called Kuru. The Kurus were known for their significant knowledge and sound wellbeing. The Kurus changed to republic type of government from government amid fifth Century B.C.

Machcha: The kingdom of Matsya or Machcha is said to have contained the locale of the present day Jaipur in Rajasthan alongside Alwar and Bharatpur. The originator of this kingdom was above all else Virata and the capital of this kingdom was named Viratanagara after him. The Matsya once shaped a part of the Chedi kingdom as there are confirmations that demonstrate this spot was ruled by the lord of Chedi.

Magadha: The Magadhas are alluded to in the Atharva Veda. By right on time sacred writings, the Magadhas were not completely Brahmins. In this manner, they were abhorred at and were talked about in hatred. With the exception of King Pramaganda, no other ruler is said in the Vedas. It is expressed in the Mahabharata that Magadha came into the spotlight under the ruler Bimbisara and later under his child Ajatasatru. It was one of the boss realms of India amid those times. The kingdom of Magadha was arranged generally where the present day Bihar is found.

Malla: Most of the sacred texts of the Jains and Buddhists say the Mallas. Their tribe should be entirely intense and they lived some place towards the Eastern India. The Mallas had a republic type of society and their prevailing domain involved nine areas. Two of these nine areas (Pava and Kusinara) increased much significance at the appropriate time of time when Buddha came here and took his last feast before breathing his last at Kusinara.

Panchala: The Panchalas were situated in the north of India and had their region toward the east of the Kurus. They were situated between the Himalayan ranges and stream Ganga. One can say that it was found generally at the spot where the cutting edge Uttar Pradesh is found. The Panchalas were initially monarchial in nature and later changed to the republican type of government amid the fifth Century B.C. They are specified in Kautilya's Arthashastra as taking after the constitution of the lord.

Surasena: The area of the Surasena was around the west side of stream Yamuna and had its capital city at Mathura. The ruler of Surasena, Avantiputra assumed a basic part in advancing Buddhism in his kingdom. He was one of the boss pupils of Buddha and went for spreading his insight and shrewdness every single through hello there kingdom. The capital city of Mathura was a vital place for the love of Lord Krishna. With time, the kingdom of Surasena was attached by Magadha Empire.

Vajji: The Vajji or Vriji included eight to nine partnered races and this kingdom turned into a vital focal point of social and political exercises. It was basically situated in northern India. Out of the nine races, the Licchhavis, the Vedehans, the Jnatrikas and the Vajjis were the most vital. The Licchhavis were a free faction and their capital was called Vaishali. It was an essential focus of Buddhism and the home office of the effective republic of Vajjis. Buddha should have gone to Licchhavis on numerous events. As time passed, the kingdom of Licchhavis was vanquished by the lord of Magadha, Ajatasatru.

Vamsa/Vatsa: Considered to be a branch of the Kurus, the kingdom of Vatsa or Vamsa was generally arranged at the area of cutting edge Allahabad in Uttar Pradesh. The capital city was known as Kaushambi, which was a prosperous city. Various rich vendors abided here. It was a critical door for products and individuals originating from the North West and south. The leader of Vatsa was known as Udyana and he was a capable ruler. He turned into an adherent of Buddha and embraced Buddhism as the religion for his kingdom.

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