Thursday, 17 April 2014

THE LAST RULER OF INDIA - BAHADUR SHAH II


BAHADUR SHAH II

Abu Zafar Sirajuddin Muhammad Bahadur Shah Zafar, otherwise called Bahadur Shah or Bahadur Shah II was the final one of the Mughal heads in India, and in addition the last leader of the Timurid Dynasty. He was the child of Akbar Shah II and Lalbai, who was a Hindu Rajput. He turned into the Mughal Emperor upon his father's demise on 28 September 1837. Zafar ,signifying "victory" was his 'alias' (takhallus) as a Urdu poet.
He has composed numerous Urdu ghazals. After the Indian Rebellion of 1857 the British Administration banished him from Delhi.
Throne/ Masnad
 
Zafar's father, Akbar Shah Saani II, led over a quickly deteriorating domain between 1806 to 1837. It was throughout his time that the East India Company abstained from even the fig leaf of decision for the sake of the Mughal ruler and uprooted his name from the Persian messages that showed up on the coins struck by the organization in the ranges under their control.
Bahadur Shah Zafar who succeeded him was not Akbar Shah Saani's decision as his successor. Akbar Shah was, actually, under extraordinary weight by one of his monarchs, Mumtaz Begum to announce her child Mirza Jahangir as the successor. Akbar Shah might have presumably acknowledged this interest however Mirza Jahangir had fallen afoul of the British and they might have none of this.
As King
Bahadur Shah Zafar managed a Mughal empire that scarcely enlarged past Delhi's Red Fort. The East India Company were the overwhelming political and military power in mid nineteenth century India. Outside British India, several kingdoms and territories, from the expansive to the little, divided the area. The sovereign in Delhi was paid some admiration by the Company and permitted a benefits, the power to gather a few duties, and to keep up a little military drive in Delhi, however he represented no danger to any force in India. Bahadur Shah II himself did not take an enthusiasm toward statecraft or have any royal desire. After the Indian Rebellion of 1857 the British Administration ousted him from Delhi.
Sovereign Bahadur Shah is seen by some in India as a freedom warrior (he was Commander-In-Chief of the insurrection armed force), battling for India's independence from the Company. As the last governing part of the magnificent Timurid Dynasty he was shockingly made and cool when Major Hodson displayed beheaded leaders of his own children to him as Nowruz endowments. He is broadly recalled to have said.
"Acclaim be to Allah, that descendents of Timur dependably come before their fathers along  these  lines." 
A Poet
Bahadur Shah Zafar was a prominent Urdu poet, and composed a substantial number of Urdu ghazals. While some a piece of his creation was lost or crushed throughout the Indian Rebellion of 1857, an expansive accumulation did survive, and was later incorporated into the Kulliyyat-i-Zafar. The court that he looked after, despite the fact that sort of wanton and seemingly vainglorious for somebody who was viably a retired person of the British East India Company, was home to a few Urdu essayists of high standing, including Ghalib, Dagh, Mumin, and Zauq.
Religious Attitudes
Bahadur Shah Zafar was a devout Sufi. Zafar was himself regarded as a Sufi Pir and used to accept murids or pupils.The loyalist newspaper Delhi Urdu Akhbaar once called him one of the leading saints of the age, approved of by the divine court. Prior to his accession, in his youth he made it a point to live and look like a poor scholar and dervish, in stark contrast to his three well dressed dandy brothers, Mirza Jahangir, Salim and Babur. In 1828, when Zafar was 53 and a decade before he succeeded the throne, Major Archer reported, "Zafar is a man of spare figure and stature, plainly apparelled, almost approaching to meanness. His appearance is that of an indigent munshi or teacher of languages".

As a poet and dervish, Zafar imbibed the highest subtleties of mystical Sufi teachings.At the same time, he was deeply susceptible to the magical and superstitious side of Orthodox Sufism. Like many of his followers, he believed that his position as both a Sufi pir and emperor gave him tangible spiritual powers. In an incident in which one of his followers was bitten by a snake, Zafar attempted to cure him by sending a "seal of Bezoar" (a stone antidote to poison) and some water on which he had breathed, and giving it to the man to drink.
Death
Bahadur Shah kicked the bucket estranged abroad on 7 November 1862. He was covered close to the Shwedagon Pagoda in Yangon, at the site that later got known as Bahadur Shah Zafar Dargah. His wife Zeenat Mahal passed on in 1886.
In a marble nook connecting the dargah of Sufi holy person, Qutbuddin Bakhtiar Kaki at Mehrauli, a void grave or Sardgah marks the site where he had willed to be covered alongside some of his Mughal antecedents, Akbar Shah II, Bahadur Shah I (otherwise called Shah Alam I) and Shah Alam II.

Sunday, 13 April 2014

TOP 5 QUOTES BY NARENDRA MODI






1. "There is no full stop in politics."

2. "Nation is very proud of our servicemen, who make sacrifices for the nation."

3. "In democracy, people's verdict is always final and we all have to accept it with humility."

4. "Hard work never brings fatigue, it brings satisfaction."

5. "With right kind of decisions, we can once again generate hope and confidence and turnaround our economy."

Keywords: Narendra Modi, Gujarat Chief Minister, Modi

Saturday, 12 April 2014

RAHUL GANDHI- BIO




Rahul Gandhi is the child of former Indian Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi and Congress president Sonia Gandhi. Rahul and his more youthful sister, Priyanka have been in people in general eye since the day they were conceived as at the time their grandma Indira Gandhi was India's Prime Minister. Indeed their incredible granddad Jawaharlal Nehru was a prime minister of India, actually, the first.

Rahul examined in Modern School, New Delhi for some time and afterward went to St. Stephen's College (Delhi) where he did History Hons. After that he went to Harvard and afterward to London where he was a money related specialist. He came back to India in 1999 and was seen close by his mother, Sonia Gandhi throughout the 1999 Lok Sabha campaign.

Rahul has not been excessively in the general population eye, yet has constantly held a certain puzzler about him. The Indian open is constantly intrigued to take in the most recent data about him. He is still not wedded, however is said to have a Columbian better half. Rahul Gandhi and his sister Priyanka spoke to the media without precedent for January 2004 while touring Amethi, the supporters in Uttar Pradesh that has been spoken to by their father and is as of now spoken to by their mother. Rahul Gandhi and his sister, Priyanka went to Karachi and viewed the first ODI match between India and Pakistan in March 2004 and people in general in Pakistan were upbeat to see them. Their vicinity in the match turned out to be fortunes for India, it won. The mystery about whether Rahul Gandhi will enter animated governmental issues is currently over. On March 21, 2004 the Congress gathering proclaimed that Rahul Gandhi might be the Congress party's hopeful for the Lok Sabha seat from Amethi, at present spoke to by his mother, Sonia, who has moved her electorate to Rae Barelli.

Keywords:- Rahul Gandhi, Gandhi Family, Son of Sonia Gandhi, Rajiv Gandhi, Indira Gandhi, Congress Vice President