The Railway Age dawned in India
on 16th. April 1853, when the first train ran from Bombay to Thana, a distance
of 21 miles(33.81 Km.) For some years before that the idea of building railways
in India had taken concrete shape with the Court of Directors of the East India
Company in London. The East India Company had obtained a foothold in India as a
trading company, but gradually lost most of its privileges it had enjoyed as an
instrument of commerce. It had, however been made responsible for the
governance of India under the supervision of a Court of Directors in London.
The final authority lay , of course , with the British Cabinet, who acted on
the advice of its special Board of \control for Indian Affairs. There was a
Governor General at Fort William in Calcutta, having superintending authority
over the administration of India.